文/沐君雨

(图片来自网络)

Control by doing nothing that goes against nature, which is proposed by
Lier, commonly known as Lao tze, who is a philosopher in the Spring and
Autumn Period and the creator of Chinese distinguished school of Taoist.

“无为而治”,是我国春秋时期哲学家及著名的道家学派创始人老子提出的。

Its ideology is based on obeying natural rules and respecting objective
facts, as a progress and state to achieve governance. Almost people
usually consider it as inaction, namely do nothing at willing. From my
individual perspective, this conclusion is incorrect.

其含义是,在不违背自然规律,尊重客观事实的前提下,实现治理的一种过程或状态。大多数人通常对“无为”的理解是,无作为,即什么也不做。在我看来,这是不正确的。

Lao tze, the founder of Taoism also give an abstract answer by a story
in order to express this theory――“a glass filled with water cannot add
water to it, while a empty glass is able to add water again.”

老子在对这一理论进行解释时也做了抽象性的回答——“一杯装满水的杯子不能在继续往里面加水,而一个空杯子还可以。”

This story tell us if we satisfy ourselves situation, we will not be
persistently growth, in a similar way, if the leading of country meet
the management level, the society will not be developed.

这个故事告诉我们

如果我们满足于自己,自身能力就无法再继续成长,同理,对于管理国家,如果满足于自己的治理水平,社会就不会发展。

On the contrary, if we are very modest,our mind and heart will increase
others kinds of acknowledge, the ability also promote rapidly, in the
regard of country, the primary doesn’t meet the social current
situation, the country also has the space of expanding, and society will
make a great progress.

反之,如果我们虚怀若谷,心里就可以再装下很多其它的知识,让自己成长,对于国家层面,不满足于社会现状,国家才有继续壮大的空间,社会才会进步。

Why I make an illumination via choosing the theory as my theme, I yet
have been read various famous works about management of western
countries. Such as the effective managers, the management, the new
public management and so on, as well as the advanced theory from
Frederick Winslow Taylor called The Father of Scientific Management and
Peter F. Drucker known as The Father of Modern Management.

为什么我以这个理论为题进行阐述,我也曾经看过许多西方国家关于管理的书籍,例如:《卓有成效的管理者》《管理学》等著作,以及“科学管理之父”泰勒和管理大师彼得•德鲁克的先进理论.

Undoubtedly, they are do very excellent,nevertheless, I discover
gradually that when we keep pursuing learning western theory, we also
forget and neglect little by little first-class works of our own
country.

不可否认,他们的确很优秀,但是,我也渐渐的发现,当我们一味地去追求学习西方理论的同时,也渐渐遗忘和忽略自己本国优秀的理论作品。

Consider two examples:The Analects of Confucius,which could cultivate
perfect individual attainment,the other one is the Tao The King,which
reflect peace-oriented contact ways.

例如:《论语》――培养优秀的个人素养,《道德经》――体现不争的处事方式等。

As far as I’m concerned, these famous works indicate the highest realm
for studying management. It not only can apply to daily life and
self-cultivation,but be appropriate for the aspects of policy and
economy.

在我看来,这些都是学习管理的最高境界,它们不仅可以应用于日常生活和自身修养,还可应用到政治,经济方面.

In other words, the small fields include in the individuals while the
big affairs involve in the country. Comparing with the western
management theory――the famed Hawthorne experiment, which have a
significant discovery that the conscious individuals who are observing
by others have the tendency to change their behaviors.

换句话说,小到个人,大到国家。相比较西方管理理论而言,例如著名的霍桑实验,它取得重大的发现——那些意识到自己正被别人观察的个人具有改变自己行为的倾向,

This theory is really useful to research management. But It’s just
suitable for corporate management. As a result, in fact, the varieties
of management ideology and literature works of china are more worthy of
learning and exploration to us,

这个理论对于研究管理的确很有用,但只适用于企业的管理,因此,实际上,中国的许多管理思想和文学著作更值得我们去学习和钻研。

we should absorb and inherit the outstanding doctrines as well as fine
tradition of our country by combining the eastern thought essence with
the western theoretical academy while we acquire the management ideology
of western.

                                 June 12th, 2016

相关文章